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精品2018-2019学精版2019年高一英语10月月考试题

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经典资料
内蒙古第一机械制造(集团)有限公司第一中学 2018-2019 学年高一英语 10 月月

考试题

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

A

Teaching materials for learning Chinese are provided here. There are sites where you may find

interesting instructions suitable for you. Here are some sites to begin your surfing.

You may start with these pages from this website — just to get a little taste of it without

working too hard.

● A Is For Love

Flash cards for learning a few Chinese words

● Listening to the sound of Chinese

Play a few words of Chinese on your computer.

● A few Chinese words

Each word is enlarged for easy study. If you are studying Chinese, these tools can help.

● Zhongwen site

More than a dictionary!

● Clavis Sinica

Excellent program by Professor David Porter. It displays a whole document in Chinese [GB] or

[BIG5], and gives individual word’s definition, pronunciation as well as much more information

when you click on that word. If you are studying Chinese, this is a very useful tool.

● Chinese Character Visual Dictionary

If you like to know more, go to the following sites on the Internet.

● The Chinese Outpost

Pronunciation, Character and Grammar by Mark Andrew Baker. The best. A must-visit site.

● Learn Cantonese / Mandarin Online

● Internet Based Chinese Teaching and Learning

● Rainland Kids discover Chinese — Site is in Germany

If you want to have a better understanding of China, go to this one.

● Wanfang Data

As an affiliate (分支) of Chinese Ministry of Science & Technology, Wanfang Data has been the

leading information provider in China since 1950s. With a wide range of database resources and

value-added services, Wanfang Data has become a gateway to understanding Chinese culture, medicine,

business, science, etc.

1. This passage is most probably from ______.

A. a TV program

B. a teacher’s lecture

C. a newspaper

D. the Internet

2. If you want to know each Chinese character’s definition, pronunciation and much more information,
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you’d better surf ______.

A. Zhongwen site B. A Is For Love C. Clavis Sinica D. A few Chinese words

3. If you want to know China about its culture, medicine, business, science, you’d better surf

______.

A. Learn Mandarin online

B. Wanfang Data

C. Rainland kids discover Chinese D. The Chinese Outpost

4. The underlined word “gateway” in the last paragraph probably refers to ______.

A. an opening in a wall that can be closed by a gate

B. a place through which you can go to another place

C. the space when a door is open

D. a means of getting or achieving something

B

As an old saying goes, laughter is the best medicine. Until recently, few people took the saying

very seriously. Now, however, doctors have begun to survey laughter and the effects it has on the

human body. They have found evidence that laughter really can improve people's health.

Tests were carried out to study the effects of laughter on the body. People watched funny films,

while doctors checked their heart rate, blood pressure, breathing and muscle. It was found that

laughter has similar effects to physical exercise. It increases blood pressure, the heart rate and

the rate of breathing; it also works several groups of muscles in the face, the stomach, and even

feet. If laughter exercises the body, it must be beneficial.

Other tests have shown that laughter appears to be able to reduce the effects of pain on the

body. In one experiment doctors produced pain in groups of students who listened to different radio

programs. The group which tolerates the pain for the longest time was the group which listened to

a funny program. The reason why laughter can reduce pain seems to be that it helps to produce

endorphins (内啡肽) in the brain. These are natural chemicals which decrease both stress and pain.

There is also some evidence to suggest that laughter helps the body's immune (免疫)system ,

that is, the system which fights infection. In an experiment, one group of students watched a funny

video while another group served as the control group-in other words, a group with which to compare

the first group. Doctors checked the blood of the student in both groups and found that the people

in the group that watched the video had an increase in the activity of their white blood cells,

that is, the cell which fight infection.

As a result of these discoveries, some doctors and psychiatrists (精神病学家) in the United

Stated now hold laughter clinics, in which they try to improve their patients' condition by

encouraging them to laugh. They have found that even if their patients do not really feel like

laughing, making them smile is enough to produce beneficial effects similar to those caused by

laughter.

5. We can learn from the first paragraph that laughter _____.

A. is good for one's health

B. is related to some illness

C. has been surveyed long since

D. has no effect on the body

6. Which of the following statements is NOT true of laughter, according to the passage?

经典资料(一)

A. It reduces the pain

B. It exercises the body

C.It improves the body's immune system D. It can cure cancer

7. What is the text mainly about?

A. Doctors have done many experiments.

B. Laughter can cure(治愈) many kinds of illnesses.

C. Laughter benefits our health.

D. Clinics to improve patients’ condition are popular in America.

经典资料

C

Being a volunteer brings me happiness. I work with Volunteers for Wildlife, a rescue and

education organization at Bailey Arboretum in Locust Valley. Trying to help injured, displaced or

sick animals can be heartbreaking; survival is never certain. However, when it works, it is simply

beautiful.

I got a rescue call from a woman in Muttontown. She had found a young owl(猫头鹰) on the ground.

When I arrived, I saw a 2? to 3?week?old owl. It had already been placed in a carrier for safety.

I examined the chick(雏鸟) and it seemed fine. If I could find the nest, I might have been

able to put it back, but no luck. My next work was to build a nest and settle it in a tree.

The homeowner was very helpful. A wire basket was found. I put some pine(松树) branches

into the basket to make this nest safe and comfortable. I placed the chick in the nest, and it quickly

calmed down.

Now all that was needed were the parents, but they were absent. I gave the homeowner a recording

of the hunger screams of owl chicks. These advertise the presence of chicks to adults; they might

also encourage our chick to start calling as well. I gave the owner as much information as possible

and headed home to see what news the night might bring.

A nervous night to be sure, but sometimes the spirits of nature smile on us all! The homeowner

called to say that the parents had answered to the recordings. I drove over and saw the chick in

the nest looking healthy and active. And it was accompanied in the nest by the greatest sight of

all—LUNCH!The parents had done their duty and would probably continue to do so.

8.What is unavoidable in the author's rescue work according to Paragraph 1?

A.Efforts made with on good result.

B.Getting injured in his work.

C.Feeling uncertain about his future.

D.Creatures forced out of their homes.

9.Why was the author called to Muttontown?

A.To rescue a woman.

B.To take care of a woman.

C.To look at a baby owl.

D.To cure a young owl.

10. What made the chick calm down?

A.A new nest.

B.Some food.

C.A recording.

D.Its parents.

11. How would the author feel about the outcome of the event?

A.It's unexpected. B.It's beautiful.

C.It's humorous.

D.It's discouraging.

D

Think about the question: If you could have one superpower, what would it be?

经典资料(一)

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Dreaming about whether you would want to read minds, see through walls, or have superhuman

strength may sound silly, but it actually gets to the heart of what really matters in your life.

Every day in our work, we are inspired by the people we meet doing extraordinary things to

improve the world.

They have a different kind of superpower that all of us have: the power to make a difference

in the lives of others.

We're not saying that everyone needs to contribute their lives to the poor. Your lives are

busy enough doing homework, playing sports, making friends, seeking after your dreams. But we do

think that you can live a more powerful life when you devote some of your time and energy to something

much larger than yourself. Find an issue you are interested in and learn more. Volunteer or, if

you can, contribute a little money to a cause. Whatever you do, don't be a bystander. Get into action.

You may have the opportunity to make your biggest difference when you're older. But why not start

now?

Our own experience working together on health, development, and energy the last twenty years

has been one of the most rewarding parts of our lives. It has changed who we are and continues to

fuel our optimism about how much the lives of the poorest people will improve in the years ahead.

12.What does the underlined part in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A.Your imagination for future life.

B. Your life value.

C.Your trouble in life.

D. Your life experience.

13.Why does the author say they are inspired every day?

A.They have different kinds of superpowers.

B. They have got the power to change the world.

C. Some people around them are making the world better.

D. There are many powerful people in their life and work.

14.What does the author stress(强调) in Paragraph 5?

A.Learning more and contributing more to a cause.

B.Rising above self and acting to help others.

C. Working hard to get a bigger opportunity.

D. Trying your best to help the poor.

15. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

A. The author believes the lives of the poorest will get better.

B. Much more progress will be made in the near future.

C. The work on health is the most valuable experience.

D. People's efforts have been materially rewarded.

第二节(共 5 小题,满分 10 分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有

两项为多余选项。

Does failure really exist(存在)?

If you believe you have failed, then you have. If you believe you don’t have the ability to

succeed, then you don’t. __16__The moment you decide to give up or to stop working toward your

goals, failure is born.

经典资料(一)

经典资料
●__17__ Most people give themselves out without even realizing it. They are willing to work hard on
reaching their goals, but only until the going gets too rough or their energy dies down. Don’t do that! __18__ Never quit, never admit failure, and never lose heart. ●Don’t believe in a clear finish line for goals.
It’s a good idea to set a general timeline, but remember that something will be beyond your control. __19__ If you lock yourself into a given timeline, you might make yourself feel like a failure! Instead, get a general idea of when you’d like your goal to be completed. Then take it one day at a time and focus on making progress instead of reaching the finish line in as little time as possible. ●Be sure that you don’t see difficulties as failures.
Difficulties mean only one thing: it’s not time for your goal to be completed yet. That’s it! It doesn’t mean you failed; it doesn’t mean you are weak; it doesn’t mean you’ll never achieve your goals. __20__ You’ve got to keep moving forward and find a way over, around, or through the difficulties. A.Never give up yourself. B.Failure only exists in your own mind! C.That’s exactly how failure makes us feel. D.It simply means you have not done enough yet. E.You can never say exactly when your goal will be reached. F.Make up your mind to make your goal happen, no matter what! G.Work hard towards your goal, and you will be likely to get good results. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共20 小题;每题1.5 分,满分30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。
A woman’s story gave us a valuable lesson. She was Anna. She lived on the side of a valley. One summer, there was a very big 21 , and a lot of houses down below Anna’s were washed away. Anna’s house was 22 enough to escape the flood, so when the water had 23 and the other houses were 24 there with no roof and no walls and all covered with mud(泥), her house was just all right.
Her house was quite small, her husband was dead, and she had four children, 25 Anna took in one of the families that had lost 26 in the flood and she 27 her home with them until it was 28 for them to rebuild their house.
Anna’s friends were 29 when they saw Anna do this. They could not understand why Anna wanted to give 30 so much more work and trouble when she already had quite a few children to 31 .
“Well,” Anna 32 her friends, “at the end of the First World War, a woman in the town where I then lived found herself very 33 , because her husband had been killed in the 34 and she had a lot of children, 35 I have now. The day before Christmas, this woman said to her children, ‘We won’t be able to have much for Christmas this year, so I’m going to 36 only one present to all of us. Now I’ll go and get it.’ She came back with a 37 who was even poorer than they
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were, and who had no parents. ‘Here’s our 38 ,’ she said to her children. The children were

39 and happy to get such a present. They 40 the little girl, and she grew up as their sister.

Such was that Christmas present.”

21.A. earthquake 22.A. below 23.A. reduced

B. accident B. high B. came

C. flood C. big C. appeared

D. fire D. small D. disappeared

24.A. rising 25.A. so

B. flowing B. but

C. falling C. for

D. standing D. since

26.A. nothing 27.A. gave 28.A. possible 29.A. upset 30.A. them 31.A. support 32.A. explained to

B. everything B. found B. necessary B. disappointed B. herself B. supply B. asked for

C. anything C. shared C. important C. confused C. him C. grow C. talked with

D. something D. built D. obvious D. satisfied D. us D. educate D. turned up

33.A. sad 34.A. war

B. poor B. storm

C. rich C. rain

D. happy D. flood

35.A. because 36.A. get 37.A. boy

B. as B. send B. girl

C. which C. buy C. student

D. that D. make D. teacher

38.A. child 39.A. angry 40.A. disliked

B. daughter B. excited B. gained

C. sister C. lovely C. welcomed

D. present D. sorry D. led

第二节:语法填空(共10 小题,每题1.5 分,共15 分) 阅读下列材料,在空白处填入适当内容(1 个单词或填入括号内单词的正确形式)。
Why has English changed over time? __41__(actual) all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. At first the English __42__(speak) in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different __43__ the English today. It __44__(base) more on German than the English we speak at present. Then gradually between about AD 500 and 1150, English became less like German because those __45__ ruled England spoke first Danish and later French. These new __46__(settle) enriched the English language and especially its vocabulary. By the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a __47__(wide) vocabulary than ever before. Later English began to be spoken in America and Australia. Finally by the 19th century the language was settled. English now is also spoken __48__a foreign or second language in South Asia. Today the number of people learning English in China __48__(be)increasing rapidly. In fact, China may have the largest number of English learners. Will Chinese English develop __50__ own identity? Only time will tell. 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35 分) 第一节 根据所给单词首字母或单词意思,用所给单词的正确形式完成句子。(每空1 分,共10 分) 51. There was no wind. The smoke rose s _______(直的) upward. 52. As is mentioned above, school bus safety is a major _________(担忧)of our country. 53. Before leaving, you should make sure that you have packed your _______ (手提箱).
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54. The teacher seems to ________(不喜欢)the idea of testing children in such a narrow way. 55. Though they hadn’t met for many years,they r_______ each other at first sight. 56. The general c_________ that all the soldiers should fire at once. 57. I would be g_________ if you could give me some advice. 58. The o_________ language used in many international organizations is English. 59. If you want to speak good English, a large v_______ is needed. 60. I often chat with our foreign teacher, so I can speak English f________. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25)
假如你是李华,你的英国笔友 Rose 向你询问如何能很好地与她们班新到的两名中国学生相处。请你给 Rose 回一封信给出你的建议, 例如,建议她多邀请他们参加一些聚会或者活动,等等。
注意:1. 词数:100 左右; 2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 开头已给出,但不计入总词数。
Dear Rose, I’m glad to receive your letter.
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________ ____
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10 月月考答案 阅读:1-15 (A)DCBD (B)ADC (C)ACAB (D)BCBA 任务型阅读 16-20 BAFED 完形:21-25 CBDDB 26-30BCACB
31-35 AABAB 36-40DBDBC 语篇填空:41.Actually 42.spoken 43. from 44. was based 45. who
46. settlers 47. wider 48. as 49. is 50. its 单词:51. straight 52. concern 53. suitcase 54.dislike 55.recognized
56. commanded 57. grateful 58. official 59.vocabulary 60. fluently 写作: .. One possible version: Dear Rose,
I’m glad to receive your letter. And I’d like to give you some advice. They may feel lonely as they are far away from their homeland, so you can invite them to take part in all kinds of parties and activities. It can not only help to improve their English but also make them feel happy. At the same time, you can learn more about Chinese culture and learn some Chinese. Then, you will get along well with each other and become good friends. Hope everything is OK. I think they will enjoy their stay because of your kindness.
Yours, Li Hua
经典资料(一)




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